What are the strongest hurricanes that will hit Canada? Fiona could join them.

Hurricane Fiona, a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph, is on a collision course with Canada’s Atlantic Maritime Provinces.

The storm is likely to be the strongest storm ever recorded in Nova Scotia, at least as measured by minimum atmospheric pressure. It is expected to hit many parts of Atlantic Canada with heavy rain and hurricane winds, while coastal areas could see a storm surge of more than five feet. Massive waves are expected only offshore.

The record minimum pressure in Nova Scotia is 950.5 millibars, while Fiona is modeled to crash into the Canadian Maritimes at around 930 to 935 millibars. The lowest recorded pressure in all of Canada is 940 millibars.

Eastern Canada prepares for Fiona to be “a storm everyone remembers”

Before Fiona makes her mark on Canada’s record book, here are three of the most devastating storms that have hit.

Hurricane Juan’s passage through Atlantic Canada was unique for several reasons. The storm landed in Canada as a Category 2 hurricane, retaining its tropical characteristics even as it crossed Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

A tropical cyclone is powered by warm ocean water, while extratropical cyclones get their energy from atmospheric temperature contrasts such as fronts.

Fiona, like most Atlantic hurricanes that hit Canada, is expected to lose its tropical characteristics. Juan did not: it hit Canada with sustained winds of 100 miles per hour, near its maximum intensity, with a minimum pressure of 969 millibars.

Juan moved quickly through the region, but left a trail of devastation, causing $ 200 million in damage. Eight people were killed by the storm, and Halifax Stanfield International Airport recorded a peak burst of 143 km / h (88 mph), which remains the record there.

Juan was the first storm name that Canada’s Meteorological Service recommended withdrawing from use due to its destruction, a request the World Meteorological Organization granted. The only other name that the Canadian Meteorological Service asked to withdraw was a strong hurricane that hit Newfoundland in 2010, Igor …

Hurricane Igor is widely considered to be the most destructive hurricane to hit Newfoundland. Igor, born of a tropical wave off the coast of Africa, strengthened into a severe Category 4 storm with winds up to 155 mph.

By the time the storm reached the eastern tip of Newfoundland, it had weakened to become a strong Category 1 storm. However, the storm’s rise to high latitudes helped to greatly expand its size, becoming the second largest Atlantic hurricane. never recorded with gale force winds extending 920 miles from the center of the storm, a record only surpassed by super storm Sandy.

Igor actually escalated as it approached Newfoundland, latching onto strong frontal energy as it began transitioning into an extratropical cyclone. However, the storm landed as a tropical system with winds of up to 85mph.

The storm killed four people, including two in Canada. Unlike Juan, who dumped little rain across Canada, Igor soaked parts of Newfoundland with nearly 9.5 inches of rain, washing bridges, roads, and even homes. Damages of approximately $ 200 million were reported.

However, neither of these two storms was the strongest to land in Atlantic Canada. That dubious honor goes to a storm that hit Nova Scotia way back in 1968, Ginny.

Hurricane Ginny had the highest sustained winds of any storm to hit the Canadian Maritimes.

Ginny, who looped-de-looped the southeastern United States as a Category 1 hurricane before accelerating northeast and strengthening into a Category 2 storm, crashed into Nova Scotia with sustained maximum winds of nearly 110 mph, right on the cusp of a great hurricane state.

Ginny was also unusual in the fact that the storm had caused a significant amount of snow to fall. When it landed on October 29, temperatures were cold enough in parts of Canada and the United States to produce snow. According to local reports, nearly four feet of snow fell in parts of Maine, with up to one foot of snow falling in parts of New Brunswick.

The incredibly snowy side of Superstorm Sandy

The storm caused more than $ 300,000 in damage in the United States and killed three people, including two lost in the early season snowstorm. In Canada, power outages were widespread and strong winds knocked down trees and power lines.

These are just three of the many notable storms that have hit eastern Canada, which has a long history of powerful storms.

In 1954, the remnants of Hurricane Hazel killed 81 people, according to the Canadian Hurricane Center.

The strongest storm that ever passed through Canadian waters was Hurricane Ella in 1978, which was a Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds exceeding 130 miles per hour.

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